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u•½“c’·‘¾•v‚̈¢—–‘É—¬ŠO‰ÈC‹ÆØ‘‚Æ‚»‚Ì”wŒi‚ɂ‚¢‚āvBƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹Eƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOA‹g“c—mˆêA‘哇–¾G‹¤•ÒwŽj—¿‚Ɛl•¨ (III)x’†’ÃŽs—ðŽj–¯‘­Ž‘—¿ŠÙ@•ªŠÙ@ˆã‰ÆŽj—¿ŠÙ‘p‘@XA’†’ÃŽs‹³ˆçˆÏˆõ‰ïA•½¬‚Q‚R”N‚P`38•Åj
This paper has various Japanese characters and features that cannot not be shown adequately on Web-pages. A pdf-file of the original print is available at Kyushu University Institutional repository.


ENGLISH ABSTRACT

u•½“c’·‘¾•v‚̈¢—–‘É—¬ŠO‰ÈC‹ÆØ‘‚Æ‚»‚Ì”wŒi‚ɂ‚¢‚āv


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ˆêAo“‡¤ŠÙ‚É‚¨‚¯‚éˆãpCs‚Ì‚Í‚¶‚Ü‚è

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@–‹•{‚̍‚Š¯‚ª—–ŠÙˆã‚É‹­‚¢ŠÖS‚ðŠñ‚¹‚½‚±‚Æ‚àAV‚µ‚¢ˆãp‚Ì•‹y‚𑣐i‚µ‚½‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éBˆê˜ZŒÜŽµ”NˆêŒŽˆêŽl“ú‚É’·è•òs•ì—^•º‰q‚́A‘å–Ú•tˆäã‚Ì–½—ß‚ÅŽòˆãŒüˆäŒ³¡‚ª‰½ƒ–ŒŽ‚à‚©‚¯‚ďo“‡‚ō쐬‚µ‚½•ñ‘‚ɏ–¼‚·‚é‚悤Aƒcƒ@ƒnƒŠƒAƒXEƒ[ƒQƒi[iZacharias WagenerAˆê˜ZˆêŽl`ˆê˜Z˜Z”ªj‚ÆŠO‰Èˆãƒnƒ“ƒXEƒnƒ“ƒPiHans Hanckej‚É—v¿‚µ‚½B

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@—ð‘ã‚̏¤ŠÙ’·‚͏o“‡‚É‚¨‚¯‚éŠO‰È‹³ˆç‚Æ’íŽq‚½‚¿‚ªŽó‚¯Žæ‚é–Æ‹–‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚ ‚Ü‚è•]‰¿‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢Bˆê˜ZŽµŽl”N“ñŒŽˆê˜Z“ú‚Ì“úŽ‚ŃJƒ“ƒtƒtƒCƒXiJohannes CamphuijsAˆê˜ZŽOŽl`ˆê˜Z‹ãŒÜj‚ª“•]‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB

u•òs‚ÍŠO‰ÈŠw‚Ì‹³ˆç‚ðŽó‚¯‚³‚¹‚é‚悤A‚Ü‚½‚àˆãŽt‚ð‘—‚Á‚Ä‚«‚½Bƒƒo‚É”ŽŽm†‚ð—^‚¦‚邽‚߁AŠO‰Èˆã‚É‚Í‘å‹}‚¬‚ÅŽdŽ–‚ð‚³‚¹‚éB’ÊŽŒ‚É‚æ‚é‚ƁA‚±‚̈ãŽt‚Í’}ŒãŽç‚ÉŽd‚¦‚éˆãŽt‚Å‚ ‚èAæ‚¾‚Á‚ÄŠO‰ÈŠw‚Ì‹³ˆç‚ðI—¹‚µ—§”h‚È–Æ‹–‚ðŽó‚¯Žæ‚Á‚½•Ê‚Ì’íŽq‚Æ“¯‚¶‚悤‚ɁA‚»‚̂悤‚ȃIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê‚Ì–Æ‹–ó‚ðŽæ“¾‚³‚¹‚邽‚߁A•òs‚ªŽæ‚èŒv‚ç‚Á‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚¾Bv[11]

@“ú–{l‚ª”ñí‚É‹}‚¢‚Å‚¢‚½—lŽq‚Í‘¼‚̏¤ŠÙ“úŽ‚É‚à‚Æ‚«‚¨‚茩‚ç‚ê‚éB¤ŠÙ’·ƒnƒpƒ‹ƒgiGabriel Happartj‚͈ê˜ZŒÜŽl”N‚ÉŽŸ‚̂悤‚ɏ‘‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éB

u—[ŠO‰Èˆã‚ªc’é‚̈ãŽt’·@‰x“a‚̉®•~‚ɏµ‚©‚ê‚ĐFX‚Ì•a‹C‚Æ‚»‚ÌŽ¡—Ö@‹y‚Ñ–ò‚ɂ‚¢‚Đq‚Ë‚ç‚ꂽŒãA’šd‚ÈŽðH‚Ì‚à‚Ä‚È‚µ‚ðŽó‚¯‚½B‚±‚ً̈³“k‚ç‚͈ãŽt‚Ə­Žž‚Ì’k˜b‚Å—\K‚à‹L˜^‚à‚¹‚¸Aƒˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚̈ãp‚ðŠw‚Ú‚¤‚ƍl‚¦‚é‚炵‚¢Bv[12]

@‚±‚̂悤‚È‹^–â‚͍ª‹’‚ª‚È‚¢‚킯‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B—Ⴆ‚΃hƒCƒcEƒ‰ƒCƒvƒ`ƒqŠO‰Èˆã‘g‡‹K’èiˆê˜Z“ñŽµ”NˆêˆêŒŽ“ñŽµ“új‚Å‚ÌŠO‰ÈŽŽŒ±€–Ú‚ªŽ¦‚·‚悤‚ɁAƒˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚Å‚ÍŽá‚¢ŠO‰Èˆã‚ÍŠw‚΂Ȃ­‚Ä‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ª‘½‚©‚Á‚½B

Vom Haupt “ª‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von der Hirnschal “ªŠW‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von der Dura und Pia Mater ”]d–Œ‚Æ”]“î–Œ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Halß und Brust ŽñA‹¹‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Bauch= undt Weit=Wunden • ‚̏‚Æ“à‘Ÿ‚ªŽË”²‚©‚ꂽ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Achßell undt Hüfften Œ¨‚ƍ˜‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Arm und Bein ˜r‚Æ‘«‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von verrenckten und verstauchten Gliedern Žè‘«‚Ì’E‰P‚Æ”PÁ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von zerbrochen gliedern Žè‘«‚̍œÜ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Vonn Geschoßenen Gliedern. Žè‘«‚ÌŽË‘n‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Geschnittenen Gliedern. Žè‘«‚̐؂菝‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von verwundten glenckenn ŠÖß‚Ì•‰‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Vonn offenen erzunten undt geschwollenen
    Schäden
Œû‚ªŠJ‚¢‚½‚èA‰ŠÇ‚ð‹N‚±‚µ‚½‚èAŽî‚ꂽ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Tödtlichen Wunden ’vŽ€‚̏‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Bluttstellung, wundt träncklein undt
    Pulver leschungen
Ž~ŒŒAˆù‚Ý–òA•²‚É‚æ‚錌Ž~‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Aderlaßen àbŒŒ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Sÿmptomen und Zufallen Çó‚Æ”­ì‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von allerley gefehrlichen gebrechen und
    Schäden
ŠëŒ¯‚È‘¹‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Kraffts[,] Wirckung und Eigenschafft
    der Pflaster
p–ò‚ÌŒø—͂ƍì—pA«Ž¿‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Praeparierung undt Zurichtung der Pflaster p–ò‚̏€”õ‚Æ’²‡‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä
Von Auff= und Zurichtung der Werckstättev[13] ŽdŽ–ê‚ÌŒšÝ‚Æ‚»‚̐ݔõ‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä

ƒ‰ƒCƒvƒ`ƒq‚Å‚ÍŠO‰Èˆã‚Ì’íŽq‚ÌŠî‘b‹³ˆç‚ÍŽO”NŠÔ‚©‚©‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éBŽŽŒ±‚ɍ‡Ši‚µ‚½ŽÒ‚͏]’íŠúŠÔC—¹Ø‚ðŒð•t‚µ‚Ä‚à‚ç‚¢Cs‚Ì—·‚ɏo‚éB‚»‚ê‚Å‚à””NŒã‹A‚Á‚Ä‚«‚½Žá‚¢ŠO‰Èˆã‚½‚¿‚Ì‘½‚­‚͐e•ûiMeisterj‚ɏ¸i‚·‚邽‚߂̎󌱂͋–‰Â‚³‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½Be•û‚Ì‘§Žq‚Å‚È‚¢‚Æ‘Š“–‚ÌŽÀ—Í‚ª‚È‚¯‚ê‚΁Ao¢‚Ì‹@‰ï‚Í—^‚¦‚ç‚ê‚È‚©‚Á‚½[14]B‚Ü‚½AƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_“ŒƒCƒ“ƒh‰ïŽÐ‚ÌŠO‰ÈˆãÌ—pŽŽŒ±‚̏€”õ‚Ì‚½‚߂Ƀwƒ‹ƒX‚ªŠ§s‚µ‚½wŠO‰ÈŠwŽŽŒ±xiCornelis Herls: Examen der Chyrurgie, 1645, 1663, 1723j‚É‚à–ñ“ñŽOŒÜƒy[ƒW‚É‹y‚Ô‰ð–UŠw‚ð‚Í‚¶‚ß‚Æ‚µ‚½A•a‹C‚⎡—Õû–@‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚鐔X‚̍€–Ú‚ªŽ¦‚³‚êAˆêŽµ¢‹IŒã”¼‚ÌŠO‰Èˆã‚ɑ΂·‚é—v‹‚Ì•L‚³‚𕨌ê‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é[15]B

fig 02
}“ñ@ƒRƒ‹ƒlƒŠƒXEƒwƒ‹ƒX’˜wŠO‰ÈŠwŽŽŒ±x‚æ‚è[16]

@“ú–{‚ł̓ˆ[ƒƒbƒplŠO‰Èˆã‚Æ’íŽq‚Æ‚ÌŠÔ‚ÉŒ¾—t‚Ì•Ç‚à‚ ‚Á‚½B’·è‚ÌŽòˆãŒüˆäŒ³¡‚ªŒÜZ”N‘ã‚É‘å–Ú•tˆäã’}ŒãŽç­d‚Ì–½‚É‚æ‚èo“‡‚Å‚³‚Ü‚´‚Ü‚È•a‹C‚Æ‚»‚ÌŽ¡—Âɂ‚¢‚Ä‚Ì•ñ‘‚ðì¬‚µ‚½‚Æ‚«‚ɂ́AŒ³¡‚ª¤ŠÙ‚ð–K‚ê‚é“x‚ɁAˆ¢—–‘É’ÊŽŒ‘Sˆõ‚ªŒÄ‚΂ꂽ‚悤‚¾B

u‰äX‚Í‚Ü‚½‚àA’ÊŽŒ‘Sˆõ‚ŁA’}Œã“a‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÉŠùq‚̈ãŽtŒ³¡‚É–ò•i‚̍ì‚è•û‚ðà–¾‚µ‚Ä–Z‚µ‚©‚Á‚½‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éBv[17]

@ˆê˜Z‹ãZ”N‚É—ˆ“ú‚µ‚½ƒhƒCƒclˆãŽtƒGƒ“ƒQƒ‹ƒxƒ‹ƒgEƒPƒ“ƒyƒ‹iEngelbert KaempferAˆê˜ZŒÜˆê`ˆêŽµˆê˜Zj‚àA’ÊŽŒ‚ÌŒêŠw—Í‚ÉŽ¸–]‚µ‚½B”ނ́A•”‰®¬Žg‚¢¡‘ºŒ¹‰E‰q–å‰p¶[18]‚ɃIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê‚ðu•¶–@“I‚Ɂv‹³‚¦‚½Œ‹‰ÊAŒ¹‰E‰q–å‚́u‚±‚ê‚Ü‚Å‚Ì’ÊŽŒ‚Å‚Í‹y‚΂Ȃ¢‚قǁAƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê‚ð‘‚«AãŽè‚ɘb‚¹‚é‚悤‚É‚È‚Á‚½v‚ÆŽ©•‰‚ðq‚ׂĂ¢‚éB[19]

@o“‡‚Å‚ÌŠO‰ÈŽö‹Æ‚É”ï‚₵‚½ŠúŠÔ‚ª’Z‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤”á”»‚Í“–‚½‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚邾‚낤B‚µ‚©‚µ’íŽq‚½‚¿‚ª’·ŠúŠÔƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_¤ŠÙ‚É‚¢‚½‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚àA‚Ç‚ê‚Ù‚Ç‚Ì’mŽ¯‚ªg‚ɂ‚¢‚½‚¾‚낤‚©B—Ⴆ‚΁Aƒˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚ÌŠO‰Èˆã‚É‚Æ‚Á‚Ä‚·‚ׂĂ̊î‘b‚¾‚Á‚½‘̉t•a—Šw‚Í“ú–{l’íŽq‚ɂǂ̂悤‚Éà–¾‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Ì‚©B‚Ü‚½A“Œ—mˆãŠw‚Ƃ̐ړ_‚Ì‚È‚¢ˆÓ–¡•s–¾‚Ì—pŒê‚É‚ ‚Ó‚ê‚éà–¾‚ð•·‚¢‚½“ú–{l‚Í‚»‚ê‚ð‚Ç‚±‚Ü‚Å—‰ð‚Å‚«‚½‚¾‚낤‚©B[20]ˆêŽµ¢‹I‚ɍL‚Ü‚Á‚½g–Ñ—¬ŠO‰È‚ÌŽÊ–{‚Ì’†‚ɁA‘̉t•a—Šw‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚ẮAˆê‚‚̒Z‚¢ŠTŠÏ‚µ‚©Œ©‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢‚Ì‚àAŒˆ‚µ‚Ä‹ô‘R‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢B[21]

 

 

ŽlA—’ŽR•áˆÁ‚̏C‹ÆØ‘

@“ú–{‚ł͂ǂ̂悤‚È‚±‚Æ‚ª‹³‚¦‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Ì‚©Bˆê˜Z˜ZŒÜ”N‚ɏ¤ŠÙ’·ƒtƒƒCƒXiJacob Gruysj‚Ə¤ŠÙ’·‘㗝‚̃jƒRƒ‰[ƒXEƒfEƒƒCiNicolaes de Roijj[22]AŠO‰Èˆãƒ_ƒjƒGƒ‹EƒuƒbƒVƒ…iDaniel Buschj‚ª–¼‚µ•½ŒË”˂̈ãŽt—’ŽR•áˆÁiˆê˜ZŽOŽO`ˆê˜Z‹ãŽO[23]j‚ÉŒð•t‚µ‚½–Æ‹–ó‚É‚Í‹Md‚ÈŽèŠ|‚©‚肪Žc‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB

@•áˆÁ‚ÍŠ°‰iˆêZ”N’}‘O‚©‚畽ŒË‚ֈڏZ‚µ‚½¤l”¼“cŽO˜Y•º‰q‚ÌŽŸ’j‚Æ‚µ‚ж‚܂ꂽB–¼‚͏tˆçA†‚͈ψÁAŽŸ‚¢‚Å•áˆÁi•áˆÀj‚Ə̂µ‚½BŠ°‰iˆêŽliˆê˜ZŽOŽµj”NA¼‰Y’ÁMiˆê˜Z“ñ“ñ`ˆêŽµZŽOj‚ª•½ŒË”ËŽå‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½‚ªAŠ°‰iˆê”ªiˆê˜ZŽlˆêj”N‚É–‹•{‚ª–½‚¶‚½•½ŒËƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_¤ŠÙ‚Ì’·è‚ւ̈ړ]‚Í’nŒ³‚ÌŒoÏ‚É‹­‚¢‘ÅŒ‚‚ð—^‚¦A“ŒƒCƒ“ƒh‰ïŽÐ‚ɑ΂·‚éŽØ‹à‚ð•ÔÏ‚Å‚«‚È‚­‚È‚é‚Ù‚Ç”Ë‚Ìà­‚ðˆ³”—‚µ‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚Á‚½B‚±‚ÌŒµ‚µ‚¢ŽžŠú‚ɐ¬’·Šú‚ð‰ß‚²‚µ‚½•áˆÁ‚́A¤‹Æ‚ɂ͏«—ˆ‚ð‘õ‚µ‚½‚­‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚½‚ß‚©A‰½‚ç‚©‚̈ãŠw‹³ˆç‚ðŽó‚¯‚½‚Ì‚¿’ÁMŒö‚̈ãŽt‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½B

 

fig 02
} ŽO@—’ŽR•áˆÁ‚̏C‹ÆØ‘i•½ŒËŽs¶ŒŽ’¬u“‡‚̊فv‘ j

 

@Š°•¶Œ³iˆê˜Z˜Zˆêj”NA•áˆÁ‚͔ˎå‚ÌŒv‚ç‚¢‚Å’·è•òs•ì—^•º‰q‚֍§¿‚µAƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_¤ŠÙ‚É‚¨‚¢‚ÄŠO‰Èp‚̏Cs‚ð‹–‰Â‚³‚ꂽBo“‡‚ɏo“ü‚è‚·‚é‚ɂ́A—lX‚È‹K§‚ɏ]‚í‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚©‚Á‚½BŠ°•¶Œ³”N‹ãŒŽŽl“ú•tiˆê˜Z˜Zˆê”NˆêZŒŽ“ñ˜Z“új‚Ì‹N¿•¶‚ÉŒŒ”»‚µ‚½•áˆÁ‚́A“ú–{‚Ì•—‘­‚â“y’n‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚éî•ñ‚̘R‰kAƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_l‚Ƃ̏¤”„AŽð‰ƒ“™XA”C–±ˆÈŠO‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ͈êØs‚í‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚ðŒ˜‚­¾–ñ‚µ‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚©‚Á‚½B

uˆ¢—–‘ɐl]ŠO‰ÈŒmŒÃ“ü–å”Vß‹N¿•¶‘O‘”VŽ–
ˆê ›”ˆ¢—–‘ɏ@–å”Vm‹Vnˆêš¢³\ŠÔ•~Ž–B
ˆê ‚¨‚ç‚ñ‚¾‚É›”‚µA“ú–{”V•—‘­“y’n”V—lŽqAˆêØ™ò\閒•~Ž–B
ˆê ˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È™BŽö”V’Ê‘¼Œ©‘¼Œ¾ŽdŠÔ•~ŒóB•¹A‰E”V—¬‘ŠŸk‚½‚߁A”ì‘OŽç’íŽq‚ð\•tK‚¹Œó‚͉Âਊe•ÊA嫑R‘¼•û‚ɂ͈êØŸ‰k‚µ\閒•~ŒóŽ–B
ˆê ˆ¢—–‘ɍ]Ÿ•û‚æ‚艽ƒj‚Ä‚à‰¹•¨Œ­\閒•~ŒóA–ܘ_ˆß—ސH•¨‘´ŠO­”V•¨ƒj‚Ä‚à囉\閒•~Ž–B
ˆê ˆ¢—–‘ɂƏ­”V¤æ̂àŽd閒•~Ž–B
ˆê ˆ¢—–‘Ƀj”í—ŠA‰½ƒj‚Ä‚à¤æ̔VŽæŽŸŽd閒•~ŒóB–Þ“ú–{l‚æ‚è‚à”í—ŠA¤æ̔VŽæŽŸŽd閒•~Ž–B
ˆê ›”ˆ¢—–‘ɉ½ƒj‚Ä‚à‰B–§‚Ì’k‡–§X”V•M’kˆêØŽd閒•~Ž–B
ˆê ŒmŒÃ‚Ì“ào“‡ƒj‚ĉ½ƒj‚Ä‚à•sì–@ˆ½‚ÍŽð‰ƒŽd閒•~Ž–B
‰E”VžŠX‰—‘Š”w‚́@@@mˆÈ‰º¾ŽŒ‚Ì•¶Œ¾n
Š°•¶Œ³h‰N”N‹ãŒŽŽl“ú
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@”»“c—›ˆÁ@kŒŒ”»l
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@@@˜a“cäo‰E‰q–å“av[24]

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uWij ondergeschreven getuijgen
ende attesteren voor de waerheijt, dat
den Japander genaemt Choan, dienaer
van de Heer van Firando, eende geruijmen
tijt bij de hollandse Chirurgijns heeft
geleert, ende in de ars van de
Chirurgie (voor soo veel ons bekent is)
volkomen is onderwesen, so dat hij
de kraghten van de hollandse medica=
menten redelijk wel is bewust,
daer van hij ons volkomen blijken
heeft laten sien, ende dien volgende
den selven voor een goet genees mrm=genees meestern
verklaren.
    Japan ten Comptoire Nangasacki
    Desen 21en Januarij ao@ 1665
     Jacob Gruijs
     Nicolaes De Roij
     D. Busch@Chirurgijn
       des Eilandt Decimav
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@”ËŽm’©Ž}”¼•º‰qŒi‹ß‚ÌŽl’j‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŽü–h‘‹è‰ÏŒSŠâ‘é‰º‚ɐ¶‚܂ꂽŠì•º‰q‚́AŽá‚¢ ‚©‚çŒã‚É‘æŽO‘ã—ÌŽå‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½‹gìL‰ÃiLƒj‚Ì‘¤–ð‚𖱂߂½B–œŽ¡ŽO(ˆê˜Z˜ZZ)”NA¶—ˆ•aŽã‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½L‰Ã‚ÌŒ’Nó‘ԂɈ«‰»‚Ì’›Œó‚ªoŽn‚ß‚½BˆÈ‘O‚©‚çŠO‰È‹àገã—ÂðŽu‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½Šì•º‰q‚͔˖½‚É‚æ‚è’·è‚ɉºŒü‚µ‚½B–¾—ï“ñiˆê˜ZŒÜ˜Zj”N‚É–‹–½‚É‚æ‚èᩑ䎛‚Ì‘æŽO‘ãZE‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½ŒŽM@—Ñ(‚°‚Á‚µ‚イ‚»‚¤‚è‚ñ)‚͊앺‰q‚ÌŽÀŒZ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½B”Þ‚Ì—Í“Y‚¦‚ŁA•òs‚ª¤ŠÙ’·‚É‚»‚ÌŠè‚¢‚ð“`‚¦A—¹³‚𓾂½B•òs‚ɐ¾–ñ‘‚ð’ño‚µ‚½ã‚ŁAŠì•º‰q‚Í“úí“I‚ɃIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_¤ŠÙ‚É’Ê‚¢AŠO‰Èˆãuƒ^ƒjƒCƒ‹v(Daniel Buschj‚Ɉãp‚ðŠw‚ñ‚¾B

@Cs‚ÍŠ°•¶Œ³iˆê˜Z˜Zˆêj”N‹ãŒŽ‚Ɉê’U‘Å‚¿Ø‚ç‚ꂽBŠì•º‰q‚Í‹A”Ë‚µAˆêˆêŒŽL‰Ã‚ɐs‚µ‚Ä‹ž‚ɏã‚Á‚½BŠ°•¶ŽOiˆê˜Z˜ZŽOj”N“ñŒŽŠâ‘‚Ö‹A‚Á‚½B”ªŒŽ“ñ”ª“úAL‰Ã‚Í•ƒ‚̉B‹‚É‚æ‚è‰Æ“‚ðŒp‚¢‚Å‘æŽO‘ã—ÌŽå‚Æ‚È‚èA‹ãŒŽˆêˆê“ú‚Ɋ앺‰q‚͍Ăђ·è‚Ö•‹‚¢‚½B¡‰ñ‚à‰½‚ç‚©‚̍ô‚ª•K—v‚¾‚Á‚½BwŒäŽæŽŸŠ“ú‹Lx‚Ì寬•¶ŽO”N‹ãŒŽˆêˆê“úð‚ÉŽŸ‚Ì‹Lq‚ª‚ ‚éB

u’©Ž}Šì•º‰q’·è‚ÖŠO‰ÈžêŒÃ‚ɍ¡’©Œä‰º‚µ”퐬ŒóAŠì•º‰q‚Ö‹âŽq“ñ–‡”팭ŒóA’·è”V‚–؍ì‰E‰q–å‚Ö’©Ž}Šì•º‰qŒä‰º‚µ”퐬Œó•t‚āAŒä—Š‰Â”퐬Œäó”팭ŒóAᩑ䎛‚Ö‚àŒäó”팭Œòv[41]

@¡‰ñ‚̏Cs‚ÍŠ°•¶ŒÜ”Nt‚Ü‚Å‘±‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚½BŠâ‘”ˁuŒä‰Æ’†Œn}v‚ÍŽŸ‚̂悤‚ɏq‚ׂĂ¢‚éB

uŠ°•¶ŒÜ”NŽOŒŽ\ˆê“úAƒJƒsƒ^ƒ“A‚Öƒgƒ‹AƒƒXƒeƒ‹ƒ^“ñƒCƒ‹AŽOl”V–Əó‚𓾁A—P‘´ß’ÊŽ––¼‘º”ª‰E‰q–åm=”ª¶‰q–ånAŽu’}‘·•º‰qA¼‹g•º‰qA‰¡ŽR—^ŽO‰E‰q–åA•x‰iŽs˜Y•º‰qA‰Á•Ÿ‹g¶‰q–åm‹g•º‰qnA–{–؏¯‘¾•vAo“‡’·‚“c‹ã˜Y¶‰q–å“™‚æ‚è”V”»•¨ŽóŽæAŠF“`”Vã–û–ò”•iŽæ‹AŠŽŽdŒó@m’†—ªn@L‰ÃŒöV‹K‰Æ‹ØŒäŽæ—§‚ɂāAŠ°•¶\ˆê”N“ñŒŽ\Žl“ú“ñl•}ŽŽlÎ”퉺’uA‰„•ó“ñ”N\ŒŽ“ù‹ã“úŒä•}ŽØ•Ä‰º’n‚É’¼‚µA‚“ñ\Î‚É”í‹Â•tŒóv[42]

@“–Žž‚̏¤ŠÙ’·‚͏ãq‚ÌJacob Gruijs‚Å‚ ‚éBƒ|ƒ‹ƒgƒKƒ‹Œêu‚Öƒgƒ‹vifeitorj‚̓Iƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_¤ŠÙ’·‘㗝‚̈Ӗ¡‚ŁA‰ºˆÊ¤lNicolaes Roij‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚ðŽw‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éBŠ°•¶ŒÜ”NŽOŒŽˆêˆê“ú‚͐¼—ï‚̈ê˜Z˜ZŒÜ”NŽlŒŽ“ñ˜Z“ú‚É‚ ‚½‚éB¤ŠÙ’·‚ç‚́A‚·‚Å‚ÉŽOŒŽŽO“ú‚©‚ç]ŒË‚Ö—·—§‚Á‚Ä‚¨‚èA‚±‚ê‚Í’ÊŽŒ‚É‚æ‚é“Y•¶‚Ì“ú•t‚Å‚ ‚éB

@º˜aŽl”N‚É‘åã‚ÅŠJÃ‚³‚ꂽŠJ‘•¶‰»Žj—¿‘åŠÏ‚ÌŽ‘—¿–Ú˜^‚ɁAŠì•º‰q‚ÌŽq‘·‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚é’©Ž}Ã•ô‚ªo•i‚µ‚½ŽŸ‚Ì“ñ“_‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½B

ug–ÑጉȏW@@—––FŠO‰È‘Šª––‚É“–Žž‚Ì—–ˆã‹³ŽöŽOŽ‚ªŽ©‚̈ãŠw“¾‹Æó‚ ‚èiŠ°•¶Žl’©Ž}Šì•º‰q’·è‚É‚Ä—VŠw‚̏ã‚ê‚ðŽó‚­j
g–Ñ“`SWAŠ°•¶ŒÜ”N’·è‚É‚Ä—–ˆãƒ_ƒjƒGƒ‹‚æ‚èŽö‚¯‚ç‚ꂽ‚éŠO‰Èˆãp•MŽš‚¹‚é‚à‚́v[43]

Žc”O‚È‚ª‚çAŒ»•¨‚̍s•û‚Í•s–¾‚Å‚ ‚éB

Š°•¶ŒÜ”NACsØ‘‹y‚Ñ‹Md‚È–û–ò‚ðŽ‚¿‹A‚Á‚½Šì•º‰q‚́AŠâ‘‚É–ß‚èA‚»‚ÌŒã’䔯‚µ‚ĈȖp‚ƍ†‚µ‚Ĉã‹Æ‚ð‰c‚ñ‚¾B’勝ŽOiˆê˜Z”ª˜Zj”NŽµˆêÎ‚ÅŽ€‹Ž‚µ‚½Bo“‡¤ŠÙ“úŽ‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚Ì‹Lq‚ÍŒ©“–‚½‚炸AŒ»•¨‚àŽ¸‚í‚ꂽ‚ªA”ނ͏¤ŠÙˆã‚̖Əó‚ðŽó‚¯‚½‚ɈႢ‚È‚¢B

 

 

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@’†’ÃŽs—ðŽj–¯‘­Ž‘—¿ŠÙ‚ÉŠñ‘¡‚³‚ꂽ–Æ‹–‚́A‹•Û“ñiˆêŽµˆêŽµj”N‚ɍ쐬‚³‚ꂽŽÊ‚µ‚¾‚ªAˆ¢—–‘É’ÊŽŒ‚̘a•¶”FØ‚Æ‹¤‚ÉŠO‰Èˆã‚̃Iƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_ŒêŒ´•¶‚à–ÍŽÊ‚³‚ꂽ‚̂ŁAŒ´–{‚ÌŒ`Ž®‚ÍŠm”F‚Å‚«‚éBˆê˜Z˜Z˜Z”NˆêˆêŒŽ‚É‚»‚̏؏‘‚ð—^‚¦‚ç‚ꂽ•½“c’·‘¾•v‚Ì”wŒi‚Í•s–¾‚Å‚ ‚éB

 

fig 04
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@–Æ‹–‚ÌŽÊ‚µ‚Í’†’Ôˈãh“‡‰Æ‰‘ã‚̐h“‡³ˆÁ‚Ì‚½‚߂ɍ쐬‚³‚ꂽBh“‡‰Æ‚ÌŠÈ’P‚ÈŒn}‹y‚Ñ’†’Ô˂́uŒä‰Æ’†æ‘c‘”²‘v‚âu‰Ã‰iŽO”N‰üv‚ª‚ ‚邪A‰‘㐳ˆÁ‚̐¶ŠU‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‚à‚Á‚Æ‚àd—v‚ȏî•ñŒ¹‚͏ёœ‰æ‚ÆŽòŠwŽÒ“¡“c‡‘¥‚É‚æ‚éŒo—ð‚ð‹L‚µ‚½Š|Ž²‚Å‚ ‚éB‚»‚Ì—v“_‚Í‚·‚łɐ웸áÁl‚ª•ñ‚µ‚½‚ª[44]AŒ´•¶‚͉º‹L‚Ì‚Æ‚¨‚è‚Å‚ ‚éB

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@ã‹L‚ÌŒo—ð‹y‚сuh“‡‰ÆŒn}v‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁Ah“‡³ˆÁ‚͉„•ó˜Ziˆê˜ZŽµ”ªj”N‰F²ŒSh“‡‘º‚Ő¶‚Ü‚êA恂͌º‰õAŽš‚ÍŽs¶‰q–å‚Æ‚¢‚Á‚½BŒ³˜\ˆê“ñiˆê˜Z‹ã‹ãj”N‚©‚珬Š}Œ´Œò‚̈ãŽt•½“c“¹”b‚Ɉãp‚ðŠw‚сA‚»‚Ì“ñ”NŒã‹ž“s‚É—VŠw‚µA‚³‚ç‚É’·è‚Řr‚𖁂¢‚½[46]B”Þ‚ÍŒ³•¶ŽliˆêŽµŽO‹ãj”N˜ZˆêÎ‚ÅŽ˜ˆã‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½BˆÈ~’†’Â̈ã—Âɐs—Í‚µ‚½—ð‘ã‰Æ“‚̒†‚Å‚àA‚Æ‚è‚킯³ˆÁiŒÜ‘ãj‚Æ’·“¿‚ªAŽí“—‚ÌŠÖ˜A‚Å’–Ú‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚éB[47]

 

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}ŒÜ@•½“c’·‘¾•v‚̏C‹ÆØ‘[48]

 

@ƒ[ƒ}Žš‚Ì–ÍŽÊ‚ª‚¤‚Ü‚­s‚©‚È‚©‚Á‚½‚½‚߁AŒ´•¶‚Í’f•Ð“I‚É‚µ‚©•œŒ³‚Å‚«‚È‚¢B‚»‚ê‚Å‚àA—–•¶Ø‘‚ª“ñ‚‚̕”•ª‚©‚ç\¬‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Ƃ͈ê–Ú—Ä‘R‚Å‚ ‚éB‘O”¼‚Í‹³Žö‚ð’S“–‚µ‚½ƒ‰ƒCƒGƒ“iCornelis de Layenj‚ƃfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒXiArnout Dircksz.j‚ɏ–¼‚³‚êAŒã”¼‚͏¤lƒfEƒƒCiNicolaes de Roijj‹y‚я¤–±•Žèƒƒ“ƒfƒ‹iLouis Rondelj‚Ì–¼‚ðŽ¦‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB¤lƒfEƒƒC‚ÌŽ©•M–¼‚É“Y‚¦‚ç‚ê‚épropria manu‚Ì–ÍŽÊ‚ªŒ©‚ç‚ê‚éB

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uZoodeij alhijer op het eijlandt Desima
zich onderworpen heeft om de Ch[ir]urghije
te leeren van Cornelis de Liver en Mr.
Arenold Dircsen bekennende zich den
boven genoemden op sijn ellandt geleert
te hebben endehem daer voor ageeren
    Cornelis de Laver
    Arnold Dirckz.
 
Alsoo ’s Tjodoyodonne hem een geruijme tijt
bij onse geneesmeesters in de
chirurgije tamelijk heeft geoefent
en redelijkere ervarentheijt daerdoor gecregen
heeft, soo is ’t dat wij hem seer gaerne voor
een Japans arts willen erkennen
Nangasackij desen 3 November 1666
    Nicolaes de Roij
    Louis Rondel
 
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uˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰Èˆó‰Â‚̘a[49]
•½“c’·‘¾•vAˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰ÈŒmŒÃ‚¹‚µ‚ߌóAˆ¢—–‘Ɉꗬ‚̍p–ò›ó‚Ñ‚É–û–òA‘´‚ÌŠO”é–¨‚Ì–ò•û—ÃŽ¡‚ÌŽdŠ|‚¯AŽc‚炸™BŽó‚¹‚µ‚ߌó™|A–¾”’ŽÀ³‚È‚èAŽ©¡ˆÈŒãA‰½‘‚É‚Ä‚à™BŽó‚̒ʁA—ÃŽ¡‚±‚êÝ‚é‚ׂ­ŒóA‘´‚̈ꊪ‚Ì‚½‚ߌ­‚µŒóv

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‹•Û“ñiˆêŽµˆêŽµj”N‚ɂ́Ah“‡³ˆÁ‚Í‚Ü‚¾•½“c“¹”b‚ÉŽtŽ–‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚½‚Æ‚ÍŽv‚í‚ê‚È‚¢‚ªA“¹”b‚Í•½“cˆã‰Æ‚̈¢—–‘É—¬ˆãp‚Ì—R—ˆ‚Æ“`Žó‚ðd—vŽ‹‚µA‚»‚Ì”MˆÓ‚𐳈Á‚É“`‚¦‚Ä‚¢‚½‚±‚Æ‚ÍŠm‚©‚Å‚ ‚éB‚»‚Ì‘O‚Ì‹•ÛŒ³iˆêŽµˆê˜Zj”NA’†’Ôˏ¬Š}Œ´‰Æ‚ª–³ŽkŽq‚ʼnüˆÕ‚Æ‚È‚èA—‚”N‚ɉœ•½‰Æ‚ª“ü••‚µ‚½‚±‚Ƃ́A‚±‚Ì—l‚ȁu“`“‚̍Ċm”Fv‚𑣂µ‚½‚©‚à’m‚ê‚È‚¢B

 

fig 06
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ŽµA£”ö¹‘î‚̏C‹ÆØ‘

@ˆê˜Z˜Z”ª”NˆêŒŽ“ñˆê“ú‚ɁAŽOƒ–ŒŽŠÔ‚̏Cs‚ðI—¹‚µ‚½£”ö¹‘îi恂͏~”́Aˆê˜ZŽlŒÜ`ˆêŽµˆê”ª[50]j‚Í–Æ‹–ó‚ðŽö—^‚³‚ꂽ‚ªA‚±‚±‚ł͏¤ŠÙˆãƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒX‚̏ؖ¾‚µ‚©‚È‚¢B

uSinowo Siotack Japanse Doctor, sich ontrent de
3 maanden, bij mij ongergesz opper=chijrurgijn des comtoirs Nangasacky
in de Chijrurgia hebbende laten onderwijsen, ende daar van, als mede van
zijn bevorderinge in de selve konst, eenigh testimonium begerende, verlene
het zijn E. na waarheij als volght.
Dat hij Senowo Siotack, gedurende de bovengen tijdt (waar in ick hem
alle de delden, zo der theorie als der practijcq de heel-konst raackende,
getrouwelijck hebbe verklaart) zich zeer naerstigh zo wel in het aanteijc=
kenen als aanhoren der leerstucken heeft getoont; zo dat wel te vertrouwen
is, dat nu met meerder fondament als te voren de heel-konst zal konnen oeffenen.
  Actum ten Comptoire Nangasacky in Japan, adij 21e Januarij 1668.
    Arnold Dirckz.

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fig 08
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@’ÊŽŒ‚̏ؖ¾‚É‘±‚«A—§‚¿‰ï‚Á‚½•òsŠ‚ÌŒŸŽg‚̏–¼‹y‚щԉŸ‚ª‚ ‚éBƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒX‚́A¹‘î‚ðuˆãŽtviDoctorj‚ƌĂñ‚Å‚¢‚é‚̂ŁA’Z‚¢CsŠúŠÔ‚ŏ\•ª‚¾‚Á‚½‚©‚à’m‚ê‚È‚¢B¹‘î‚Í“¯‚¶ŽžŠú‚ɁuŠO‰ÈS‹¾WviŒã‚ɍs•û•s–¾‚Æ‚È‚éj‚ð‚܂Ƃ߁A‘‰Æ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚à–¼‚ðã‚°‚½“‚’ÊŽŒ—Ñ“¹‰h‚ª˜•¶‚ðŽ·•M‚µ‚½[52]B

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o“‡‚ÅŠO‰ÈCs‚ð‚µ‚½ã‹L‚̐l•¨‚Ì‚¤‚¿A¤ŠÙ“úŽ‚Å’¼Ú“IEŠÔÚ“I‚ÉŠm”F‚Å‚«‚é‚̂́A£”ö¹‘‚¯‚Å‚ ‚邪A–Əó‚ðŽó‚¯‚½ˆãŽt‚ª‘½”‚¢‚½‰Â”\«‚à‚ ‚éB

 

 

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@Œ»‘¶‚̈¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È–Æ‹–‚Ì—–•¶‚ð”äŠr‚·‚é‚ƁAS‚©‚çÌŽ^‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚Í‚½‚Á‚½ˆêl‚µ‚©‚¢‚È‚¢Bˆê˜Z˜Z”ª”N‚ɏ¤ŠÙ’·ƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒgiConstantin RanstjAŠO‰ÈˆãƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒXiArnout Dirckszj‚ƉºˆÊ¤lƒtƒŠ[ƒgiDaniel van Vlietj‚ª’ÊŽŒ¼‹g•º‰q(‚«‚¿‚т傤‚¦)iŒº•áAˆê˜ZŽO˜Z`ˆê˜Z”ªŽlj‚Ì‚½‚߂ɏ–¼‚µ‚½–Əó‚͈ٗá‚Ì’·‚³‚ŁA‚µ‚©‚à”Þ‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚ðâŽ^‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB‚±‚Ì•¶‘‚͏ŠÝ‚ª•s–¾‚È‚ª‚çKleiweg de Zwaan‚́wVölkerkundliches und Geschichtliches über die Heilkunde der Chinesen und Japanerxiˆê‹ãˆêŽµ”NŠ§j‚ɍڂÁ‚Ä‚¨‚èA¼‰Æ‚̏Š‘ ‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éB

uConstantin Ranst, geboortig van Amsterdam, opperhooft wegens de Vereenigde Nederlantse geoctroijeerde Oostindische Compagnie in ’t Keiserrijcq van Japan. Salut doen to weten alsoo den oppertaelman Nids Kitsibeoije lange jaren soo bij d’Hollanderen als Portugese padres het excerseren der Chirurgie bijgewoont hem darinne doorgaens met goede opmerckinge g’evertueert heeft, soo dat den selven niet alleen rijckelijck behoorde te passeeren de kennisse van alle andere Japanse doctooren, nemaer g’achtet to werden voor een Eropeaens Chirurgijn, daer bij geconsidereert desselfs opinie en genegensheijt desrakende. - hebbe wij den selven Kitzibeoije garene willen estimeren, houden ende promoverende voor den oppersten van alle Japanse doctoiren, die oijt en oijt, immers soo veel t’onser kennisse rijckt, voor desen van d’Hollanderen in deser wijse tot doctoir gemaeckt ende verheven sijn geworden ende dat omme noch veele en b’sondere reedenen ter contemplatie streckende derhalve alle de Japansz: op dese maniere gepromoveerde doctoiren den meergenoemden Kitzibeijoe daer voorn hebben te achten, erkennen aen te nemen ende doorgaens de preferance of Voorsittinge in ’t uijtten van sijn advijs te geven daert behoort.
Aldus gegeven ende tot bekrachtinghe dese met onse gewoone hantteeken ende ’s E: Compagnies chiap[55] bekrachtigt, ten Comptoire Nangasacky dese 20en.    february 1668.
    Constantin Ranst
    Daniel van Vliet
    Arnold Dircksz.v[56]

@¤ŠÙ’·‚Æ‚µ‚Đ³Ž®‚È•¶‘‚ðŽ·•M‚µ‚½ƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒg‚́AŽ©•ª‚̏o¶’n‚ð‹“‚°‚½‚èA“ú–{‚ð’鍑‚Æ‚µ‚č‚‚­ˆÊ’u‚¯‚½‚肵AƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_“ŒƒCƒ“ƒh‰ïŽÐ‚̈óÍiƒm[ƒ^ƒŠ[ƒV[ƒ‹j‚ð•t‚µA–¼ŽšRanst‚Ì‚ ‚Æ‚ÉŽ©•M–¼‚ðŽ¦‚·ƒˆ[ƒƒbƒp•—‚̉ԉŸimanu propria, Ž©•ª‚ÌŽè‚Łj‚ð•t‚¯‚é‚قǏ؏‘‚ÌŒ`Ž®‚É’ˆÓ‚𕥂Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB

u“ú–{’鍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚éƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_“ŒƒCƒ“ƒh‰ïŽÐ‚̏¤ŠÙ’·‚É‚µ‚ăAƒ€ƒXƒeƒ‹ƒ_ƒ€¶‚ê‚̃Rƒ“ƒXƒ^ƒ“ƒeƒBƒ“Eƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒg‚́AãˆÊ’ÊŽŒm=‘å’ÊŽŒn¼‹g•º‰q‚ª‰i”N‚ɂ킽‚èƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_l‹y‚у|ƒ‹ƒgƒKƒ‹l‚ɂ‚¢‚ÄŠO‰È‚ÌŽÀŽ{‚ÉŽQ‰Á‚µAí‚É‚±‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚É‘å•Ï•×—サ‚½‚̂ŁA–{l‚Í‘¼‚Ì‚¢‚©‚È‚é“ú–{lˆãŽt‚Ì’mŽ¯‚æ‚è‚à—y‚©‚ɏŸ‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邾‚¯‚Å‚Í‚È‚­A‚±‚ê‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é”Þ‚Ì’mŒ©‚ÆŽu–]‚ðl—¶‚·‚ê‚΁Aƒˆ[ƒƒbƒp‚ÌŠO‰Èˆã‚ÆŒ©‚È‚³‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚ð‹Þ‚ñ‚Å•ñ‚·‚éB
‰äX‚Ì’m‚éŒÀ‚è‚ɉ—‚¢‚āA‚±‚ê‚܂ŏíXƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_l‚É‚½‚æ‚Á‚Ä‚±‚̂悤‚È•û–@‚ňãŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‹³ˆç‚¹‚ç‚ê‚ÄŽ‘Ši‚ð—^‚¦‚ç‚ꂽŠ‚Ì‚·‚ׂĂ̓ú–{lˆãŽt‚Ì’†‚ŁAÅ‚‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æ•]‰¿‚³‚ꎑŠi•t‚¯‚ç‚ꂽ‚悤‚ɁA‰äX‚àS‚©‚ç‘Oq‚Ì‹g•º‰q‚ð•]‰¿‚µAŽ‘Ši•t‚¯‚ñ‚Æ—~‚·‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB‚È‚¨A‘½‚­‚́A‚Ü‚½“Á•Ê‚È——R‚É‚æ‚肱‚̂悤‚ÉŽ‘Ši‚ð•t‚¯‚ç‚ꂽ“ú–{lˆãŽt‚ªAŠF‘Oq‚Ì‹g•º‰q‚ð‚±‚Ì‚æ‚¤‚É•]‰¿‚µA‚±‚ê‚ð³”F‚µAí‚ÉŠÖŒWŽ–€‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é”ނ̏•Œ¾‚ª’ño‚É‚³‚ê‚é‚É“–‚½‚èAŽåÉŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì’nˆÊ‚ð—^‚Ö‚ñ‚±‚Æ‚ð—~‚·‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éB
ˆÈã‚ð”F‚߁A‚à‚Á‚Ä‚±‚ê‚ÉŒ ˆÐ•t‚¯‚éˆ×A“ú–{’·è‚̏¤ŠÙ‚ɉ—‚¢‚āA‰äX‚̏í—p‚¹‚鏐–¼‚ƉïŽÐ‚̈óÍ‚𐘂¦‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚éBˆê˜Z˜Z”ª”N“ñŒŽ“ñZ“úBƒRƒ“ƒXƒ^ƒ“ƒeƒBƒ“Eƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒgAƒ_ƒjƒGƒ‹Eƒtƒ@ƒ“EƒtƒŠ[ƒgAƒAƒ‹ƒmƒ‹ƒgEƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒXv

 

 

fig 09
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fig 10
}ˆêZ@@¼‹g•º‰q‚̏C‹ÆØ‘‚ÉŒ©‚ç‚ê‚éˆóÍ

 

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@¡“úAˆêŽµ¢‹I‚̃Iƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_l‚ªŒð•t‚µ‚½–Æ‹–ó‚Í‹Í‚©‚µ‚©Žc‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B‚»‚ê‚ç‚ðŽó‚¯‚½—’ŽR•áˆÁA¼Œº•áA£”ö¹‘îA‘¾“c•Œº’WAŒ´ŽOM‚Ì‚¤‚¿A“Á‚É—’ŽRAŒ´ŽOM‚Ɛ¼Œº•á‚ª‚æ‚­’m‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪A‘¾“c•Œº’W‚Æ‚»‚Ì”wŒi‚ɂ‚¢‚ẮA“ñZZŽO”N‚É–¾‚ç‚©‚É‚È‚Á‚½B[62]

u‹v—¯•Ä”Ë‹Œ‰Æ—Rv‚É‚æ‚ê‚΁A‘¾“c•‰Æ‚Í’}Œã‘‰ºÈŒS’†Ü’n‘º‚ɍ݂Á‚½BŒ»Ý‚Ì’}ŒãŽs‚É‚È‚éB‹•Û‚̍ ‚©‚ç‘可‰®‚ð‹Î‚ß‚Ä‚¨‚èAˆêŽµ‘ã–Ú‚Ì‘¾“c•¬¶‰q–å‚É‚ÍŒº’W‚Æ‚¢‚¤‘§Žq‚ª‚¢‚½B‚³‚ç‚ÉŒº’W‚͈ãŽt‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉ¢”g‚֍s‚Á‚½‚Æ‚¢‚¤B‚±‚ê‚ŏoŽ©‚Í–¾‚ç‚©‚É‚È‚Á‚½B

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ŒäˆÓ”VãV’m‚“ó•SÎ”퉺’uŒóŒ³˜\Žlh–¢”NŽOŒŽ\Žl“úŒä’n•û”퉺’uŒó“¯Žµbœú”NŒÜŒŽ•òŠèçΏpˆ×™Bs’·è[70]]”ë‰zŒóáä‹âŽq”q—Ì”í‹Â•tŒäŠÖ‘D”퉺“¯”NŽµŒŽ\“úo‹‹Žd”ë‰z”Þ’n€—¯’†‚æ‚è•aŸ†ƒj”ëÝ¶‘’}Œã]—§Šñ“¯”N\ŒŽ\ŽO“ú•aŽ€ŽdŒóAÕŽ®‘Šã”•s•òŠè’uŒóƒj•t‹ß—Þ‹¤‚æ‚è‰E”VŽï’·’JìŽåŒv[71]–˜—LŽp\ãŒóv

@Œº’W‚Í‘¾“c•¬¶‰q–å‚Ì“ñ’j‚¾‚Á‚½B‚±‚±‚ÉŒ»‚ê‚é—L”nŒº”דª—Š—˜‚͏³‰žŽliˆê˜ZŒÜŒÜj”N‚©‚犰•¶”ªiˆê˜Z˜Z”ªj”N‚Ü‚Å‹v—¯•Ä”Ë‘æŽO‘ã”ˎ傾‚Á‚½BŒº’W‚͍aã‚Ɖü–¼‚µA˜Ql‚Æ‚È‚Á‚č]ŒË‚֍s‚«A‹v¢‘å˜aŽçLsiŠÖh”ËŽåj‚ÉŽd‚¦‚½B‚±‚̘V’†‚ÌŠ©‚ß‚Å’·è‚֍s‚«AƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_‚̈ãŠw‚ðŠw‚ԁB

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u‹v¢‘å˜a—l‚Ì“ú–{lˆãŽt‚ª’ÊŽŒ‚𔺂Á‚āA‰äX‚ÌŠO‰Èˆã‚Ɉã—ÃŽw“±‚ðŽó‚¯‚É—ˆ‚½B˜V’†—l‚ÉŒhˆÓ‚ð•\‚µ‚ď³‘ø‚µAŠO‰Èˆã‚É‚Í”\—Í‚Æ”MˆÓ‚ðs‚­‚·‚悤–½‚¶‚½Bv[72]

@‚±‚̏o“‡—–ŠÙˆã‚̓Aƒ‹ƒmƒEƒgEƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒX‚ŁAˆê˜Z˜Z˜Z”N‰Ä‚©‚ç“ú–{‚É—ˆ‚Ä‚¢‚½B”TŠÔŒã‚ɂ͐¼Œº•á‚ªæ‚Ì–Æ‹–ó‚ðŽè‚É‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB“–ŽžAƒfƒBƒ‹ƒNƒX‚©‚çŠw‚ñ‚¾‚Ì‚ÍŒº’W‚¾‚¯‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢Bˆê˜Z˜ZŽµ”N‚̘ZŒŽ‚ɏ¤ŠÙ’·‚͘V’†ˆî—t‚Æ”Ž‘½‚Ì“a—l‚̈ãŽt‹y‚Ñ––ŽŸ•½‘ ‚̉™‚àŠO‰ÈŠw‚ðC“¾‚·‚邽‚߂ɏo“‡‚É—ˆ‚½A‚Ə‘‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éBŒº’W‚Ö‚ÌŠO‰È‹³ˆç‚͈ê˜Z˜Z”ª”NˆêZŒŽ‚É–Æ‹–ó‚ÌŒð•t‚É‚æ‚èI—¹‚µ‚½B‚±‚Ì”NA”‘½‚­‚Ì’íŽq‚ð—{¬‚µ‚½‰¶Žt‚̃fƒBƒ‹ƒNƒX‚ÍŽ•a‚Ì‚½‚߈ê˜Z˜Z‹ã”NˆêŒŽ”ª“ú‚É–S‚­‚È‚èAˆî²ŽR‚Ì•æ’n‚É–„‘’‚³‚ꂽB

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Dewyl Otangouro Siouan, sich eenige tydt
in de Hollandse geneeskonst, heeft by my ondergesz
zich laten onderwysen: nu, aangaande zyn voortgangh in
de genoemde konste, eenigh getuygh-brief van my versoeckende
verleene hem hetzelve aldus, dat hy geduerende de tydt zynes
aanwesens alhier, goede naarsticheyt in het begrypen
van de voorgestelde lessen heeft gebruyckt.
Quod attestor.
Arnold Dirckz
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fig 11
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fig 12
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Ich ondergesz: Meester Albert Croon
Bekenne Fara Samcin Discipel
Inde Churighijs Cunst geinstitueert
Te hebben soo veel mijn Bekent,
en hebbe zijt: Seege hij Fara Samcin
met nauwe opmerkingh wel Begrepen.
Octobr@18en@Ao@1685 Albert Croon
 
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£ Œ´ŽOM•Òw“ú–{‚ŏ‰‚ß‚Ä–|–󂵂½‰ð–U‘xA•Ÿ‰ªA˜Z‘㌴ŽOM—–•ûˆãŽO•S”N‹L”O§Šw‰ïAˆê‹ã‹ãŒÜ”NB

£ ƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹uƒJƒXƒpƒ‹EƒVƒƒƒ€ƒxƒ‹ƒQƒ‹‚ƃJƒXƒpƒ‹—¬ŠO‰Èi‚hjvw“ú–{ˆãŽjŠwŽGŽx‘æŽl“ñŠª‘æŽO†iˆê‹ã‹ã˜Z”NjAŒÜŽl`ŒÜ‹ã•ÅB

£ ƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹ug–Ñ—¬ŠO‰È‚Ì’a¶‚ɂ‚¢‚āvBŽR“cŒc™ZEŒIŽR–΋v‹¤•Òw—ðŽj‚Ì’†‚Ì•a‚ƈãŠwxA‹ž“sAŽv•¶Što”ŁAˆê‹ã‹ãŽµ”NA“ñŽOˆê`“ñ˜ZŽl•ÅB

£ ƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹u‹ãB‘åŠw‘ ‚́uˆ¢—–‘É“`ŠO‰È—Þ•ûviuˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È³“`vj‚ÆŒüˆäŒ³¡‚ɂ‚¢‚āvw”äŠrŽÐ‰ï•¶‰»Œ¤‹†‰È‹I—vx‘æ“ñ†iˆê‹ã‹ã˜Z”NjAŽµŒÜ`Žµ‹ã•ÅB

£ ‚vEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹A™—§‹`ˆêu‘¾“c•Œº’W‚̈¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È–Æ‹–ó‚Æ‚»‚Ì”wŒi‚ɂ‚¢‚āvw“ú–{ˆãŽjŠwŽGŽx‘æŽl‹ãŠª‘æŽO†i“ñZZŽO”NjAŽlŒÜŒÜ`ŽlŽµŽµ•ÅB

£ ‚vEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹E’¹ˆä—T”üŽqEì›¸áÁl‹¤•Òw‹ãB‚Ì—–Šw [‰z‹«‚ƌ𗬁xA‹ž“sAŽv•¶Što”ŁA“ñZZ‹ã”NB

£ X‰iŽí•v•Òw”ƉȒ @’·è•òsŠ”»Œˆ‹L˜^xi‘æˆêŠª@Ž©Š°•¶˜Z”NŽŠŠ°•Û“ñ”NjA’·èA”ƉȒ Š§s‰ïAˆê‹ãŒÜ”ª”NB

£ H. T. Colenbrander: Dagh-Register gehouden int Casteel Batavia, Anno 1637. ’s-Gravehage: Martinus Nijhoff, 1899.

£ J. P. Kleiweg de Zwaan: Völkerkundliches und Geschichtliches über die Heilkunde der Chinesen und Japaner. Haarlem: De Erven Loosjes, 1917. (Natuurkundig Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem. Derde Verzameling, zevende Deel)

£ Wolfgang Michel: Von Leipzig nach Japan - Der Chirurg und Handelsmann Caspar Schamberger (1623-1706). München, Iudicium, 1999.

£ Wolfgang Michel und Barend J. Terwiel (ed.): Engelbert Kaempfer: Heutiges Japan. München, Iudicium, 2001.

£ Wolfgang Michel / Elker Werger-Klein: Drop by Drop - The Introduction of Western Distillation Techniques into Seventeenth-Century Japan. Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi - Journal of the Japan Society of Medical History, Vol. 50 (2004), No. 4, pp. 463-492.

£ Wijnaendts van Resandt, Willem: De Gezaghebbers der Oost-Indische Compagnie op hare Buiten-Comptoiren in Azië. Amsterdam, Uitgeverij Liebaert, 1944.

 

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£ m£”ö¹‘î‚Ì—–ˆã–ƏóniˆêŠªjB•’uŠ°­ŒÜᡖ¤”N“ñŒŽ£”ö¹Œº‚ÌŒûãviˆêŠªjA‹ž“s‘åŠw•‘®}‘ŠÙŠ‘ 

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£ iŠO‘èju—–•û»–ò–@viˆêûjA•MŽÒ‘ 

£ Nationaal Archief (’s-Gravenhage), Nederlandse Factorij in Japan (NFJ), no. 63 - 99 io“‡¤ŠÙ“úŽj

£ Examen der Chyrvrgie, By een vergadert Door Mr. Cornelis Herls zal: in syn leven Chyrurgyn der vermaerde Coopstadt Middelburgh in Zeelandt. Seer nut ende dienstelyck alle jonge Chyrurgyns ende insoderheyt die haer begeven na Oost ofte West-Indien. Den derden Druck, van veele fauten ghesuyvert. t’Amsterdam [...] 1645.

 


’Žß
[1] @@@ Dagregister Batavia, 28.4.1637 (H. T. Colenbrander: Dagh-Register gehouden uit Casteel Batavia. ’s-Gravehage 1896 ff.). NFJ 482, pp.459f. (Neijenroode‚©‚çJanszoon‚ւ̏‘ŠÈA•½ŒËAˆê˜ZŽOˆê”NŽlŒŽ“ñŒÜ“ú•t).
[2] @@@ “Op heeden soo quamen alle de tolken neffens den burgermeester des Eijlants uijt den naem vanden Gouverneur Joffijesamma [*] een versoeck doen dat seker Japander door onsen chirurgijn in die conste wat mocht onder wesen werden. en groote Courtoijse soude sijn E: daer aen geschieden, ende alsoo sulcx wel gaerne hadde geexcuseert, soo hebbe echter ’tselve ingewillicht ende weijgerungh evenwel sijn voort ganck soude nemen, waer over sijn E: ons naderhant liet bedancken.” (* •ì—^•º‰q³’¼)
[3] @@@ >“sondagh@@kort naar ons gehouden middaghs mael sont den Gouverneur alle onse tolcken met seker japanse doctoor (hier vooren meermaels geciteert bij mijn, en verthoonden twee boecken in houden: beijde de geneeskonste op de Europise-wijs, die hij door ordre van den Commissaris ’tSickingodonne van onsen opperchirurgijn redelijck wel scheen gevat ende met hulp onser tolcken overgeset te hebben, oversulcx begeerden uijt den naem van gem: Gouverneur dat deselve mede naar Jedo nemen en die aan voorn: Commissaris overleveren zoude, edoch mosten alvooren van voorsz: onse heelmeester onderteijckent, ende insgelijcx met mijn hant teijckeningh bevesticht worden, dat al wat hij d’voorsz: doctoor dienaangaende uijt diversche auteuren onderwesen en geleert hadde, alles, oprechtelijck en naar zijn beste kennis gedaen was, ende alhoewel ick zulcx voor mijn altoos een vreemde ende ongerijmde verclaringh achte, die dierhalven oock gaern afgebeden hadde, soo heefft e’t echter weijnigh mogen helpen, maar de begeerte hierin des voorsz: Gouverneurs moeten voldoen.” [NA, NFJ 70 (Dagregister Dejima, 2.11.1656-26.10.1657): 14.1.1657.]
[4] @@@ ƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹u‹ãB‘åŠw‘ ‚́wˆ¢—–‘É“`ŠO‰È—Þ•ûxiwˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È³“`xj‚ÆŒüˆäŒ³¡‚ɂ‚¢‚āvŽQÆB
[5] @@@ NA, NFJ 70 (Dagregister Dejima, 1.11.1656-2.10.1657): 6.11.1656.
[6] @@@ NA, NFJ 71 (Dagregister Dejima, 26.10.1657-23.10.1658): 14.11.1657.
[7] @@@ NA, NFJ 71 (Dagregister Dejima, 27.10.1657-23.10.1658): 24.4.1658, 27.4.1658, 17.6.1658.
[8] @@@ NA, NFJ 71 (Dagregister Dejima, 27.10.1657-23.10.1658): 10.7.1658.
[9] @@@ NA, NFJ 79 (Dagregister Dejima, 28.10.1665-18.10.1666): 6.5.1666.
[10]@@@Œ´ŽOM•Òw“ú–{‚ŏ‰‚ß‚Ä–|–󂵂½‰ð–U‘xiˆê‹ã‹ãŒÜ”NjŽQÆB
[11]@@@@@“den gouverneur sent ons weder een doctor om alhier in d’ chirurgie onderwesen te worden, so dat onsen chirurgijn soo doend’ wel haest do sijn werck sall krijgen, om Esels te promoveeren sijnd’ nae’t seggen den tolcken, desen doctor med’ een dienaer van d’ heer van Sikingo, gelijcq d’ andere, die onlangs met een groot promotie brieff van hier gescheijden sijnde, apparent desen mede gaend’ gemaeckt heeft om insgelijcx sulcken schoonen geleerden hollantse brieff te bekomen.” [NA , NFJ 87 (Dagregister Dejima 1673-1674): 16.2.1674]@
[12]@@@“Op den avont wiert onsen chirugijn ontboden ten huise van es keijsers opper medecijn Zoyits-donno [= @‰x] aldaer wegens veelderleij sieckten der selver genesingen, en toestel van medicamenten ondervraaeght, en voorts met spijs en dranck eerl[ijck] getracteert ’tschijnt dese heijdenen noch altoos poogende van ons te leeren och lacen meijnen dat de Europase heel const soo inder haest mit een weinigh tsamen sprekens tusschen haer on een Chirurgijn, ende dat noch extempora en ongepramediteert voorvallende grondelijck te begrijpen sij.” [NA, NFJ 67 (Dagregister Dejima 1653-1654): 14.2.1654]
[13]@@@Stadtarchiv Leipzig, I. Sektion, Tit. LXIV 29, fol. 6b-10
[14]@@@Wolfgang Michel: Von Leipzig nach Japan, p. 14ff.
[15]@@@Cornelis Herls: Examen der Chyrvrgie.1645. l‹C‚̍‚‚¢‚±‚Ì–â“šŽ®ŽŽŒ±ƒ}ƒjƒ…ƒAƒ‹‚̓hƒCƒcŒê‚É‚à–󂳂ꂽ (Examen Chirurgiae Oder der Wund-Artzney In Frag und Antwort zusammen getragen Durch M. Cornelium Herls. Nürnberg 1676).
[16]@@@ƒhƒCƒcEƒoƒCƒGƒ‹ƒ“B—§}‘ŠÙiBayerische Staatsbibliothekj‘ 
[17]@@@“Zijn ander mael met uijtleggen wegen ’t prepareren der medicijnen voor Sickingodonne met voorschreven doctoor ginsjo en al de tolcken besigh geweest.” [NA, NFJ 69 (Dagregister Dejima 1655-1656): 27.5.1656]
[18]@@@¡‘º‰p–¾u¡‘º‰p¶ „Ÿ—mŠw‚Ì”­“W‚ɍvŒ£‚µ‚½ƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_’ÊŽŒ „Ÿ vw‹ãB‚Ì—–Šw[ ‰z‹«‚ƌ𗬁xAŒÜZ`ŒÜŒÜ•ÅB
[19]@@@Engelbert Kaempfer: Heutiges Japan. Band 1, pp.6-7.
[20]@@@ƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹uƒJƒXƒpƒ‹EƒVƒƒƒ€ƒxƒ‹ƒQƒ‹‚ƃJƒXƒpƒ‹—¬ŠO‰Èi‚hjvBƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹ug–Ñ—¬ŠO‰È‚Ì’a¶‚ɂ‚¢‚āvB
[21]@@@wˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰ÈŽw“ìxiŒ³˜\‹ã”NŠ§j‹y‚сuˆ¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È‘vi‹ž“s‘åŠwA•xŽmì•¶ŒÉj‚̂悤‚Ȑ”X‚ÌŽÊ–{‚ÉŒ©‚ç‚ê‚éuŠO‰È‘˜_v‚Å‚ ‚éB
[22]@@@Wijnaendts van Resandt, 1944, p. 264.
[23]@@@ŒÃ‰ê\“ñ˜Yw¼—mˆãp“`—ˆŽjxAŽµŒÜ`Žµ‹ã•ÅBƒ”ƒHƒ‹ƒtƒKƒ“ƒOEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹u—’ŽR•áˆÁ[’©’ì‚̈ãŽt‚É”C‚º‚ç‚ꂽ•½ŒËŠO‰Èˆãvw‹ãB‚Ì—–Šw [ ‰z‹«‚ƌ𗬁xA“ñ‹ã`ŽOŽO•ÅB
[24]@@@K“c¬—Fw˜a—–趘bxA“ñˆê”ª`“ñˆê‹ã•ÅB
[25]@@@•½ŒËŽs¶ŒŽ’¬u“‡‚̊فv‘ i•½ŒËŠÏŒõŽ‘—¿ŠÙ‹Œ‘ jB
[26]@@@u“úv‚ّ̈̎š
[27]@@@ƒ|ƒ‹ƒgƒKƒ‹Œêlavamento iô–òj
[28]@@@ƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê siroopiƒVƒƒbƒvj
[29]@@@ƒ‰ƒeƒ“Œê Theriaca (–òÜ‚Æ–I–¨‚ð—û‚荇‚킹‚½p–òB‰ð“ōÜ)B
[30]@@@ƒ‰ƒeƒ“Œê Mithridat, mithridatum, mithridatium ‚Ü‚½‚Í mithridaticumA˜ZŒÜŽí‚ÌŒ´—¿‚©‚ç‚È‚é‰ð“ōÜ
[31]@@@Confectio Hamech iärÜ‚̈êŽíj
[32]@@@Opiumiˆ¢•Ðj
[33]@@@ƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê sublimaat, Sulphur sublimatum i—°‰©j
[34]@@@ƒ‰ƒeƒ“Œê Ruptoriumi…Ž_‰»ƒJƒŠƒEƒ€‚Ȃǁj
[35]@@@ƒ‰ƒeƒ“Œê Aqua Vitrioli i—°Ž_j
[36]@@@ƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê brandewijniÄ’‘j
[37]@@@ƒIƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_Œê destillereniö—­‚·‚éj
[38]@@@ƒ‰ƒeƒ“Œê Anatomia i‰ð–UŠwj
[39]@@@À“cŽŸ˜Yiw—mŠwxAŽO“ñ•Åj‚É‚æ‚éŠÈ’P‚ȏЉî‚́A’Œ–FŽ÷‚̘_•¶iˆê‹ãŽO˜ZAˆê‹ãŽOŽµj‚ÉŠî‚¢‚Ä‚¢‚éB
[40]@@@’Œ–FŽ÷u’·è‚É“n—ˆ‚µ‚½“Æ—§‘TŽt‚̊⍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎑—¿viãjA”ªŽO•ÅB
[41]@@@’Œ–FŽ÷u’·è‚É“n—ˆ‚µ‚½“Æ—§‘TŽt‚̊⍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎑—¿viãjA”ªŽO•ÅB
[42]@@@’Œ–FŽ÷u’·è‚É“n—ˆ‚µ‚½“Æ—§‘TŽt‚̊⍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎑—¿viãjA”ªŽO•ÅBmn‚̒ljÁ‚Í•MŽÒ‚É‚æ‚éB
[43]@@@’©“úV•·ŽÐ•ÒwŠJ‘•¶‰»Žj—¿‘åŠÏx¤ŒÜ‹ã•ÅB
[44]@@@ì›¸áÁlw—–Šw‚̐ò’†’ÂɗN‚­xAˆê‹ã“ñ•ÅB
[45]@@@uh“‡‰Æ‘c‰æ‘œvAŠª•¨A’†’ÃŽsh“‡‰Æ‘ B
[46]@@@ì›¸áÁlw—–Šw‚̐ò’†’ÂɗN‚­xAˆê‹ã“ñ•ÅBì›¸áÁluh“‡³ˆÁ „Ÿ Ží“—‚ɐ¶ŠU‚ð‚©‚¯‚½ˆãŽt‚½‚¿vA‚vEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹E’¹ˆä—T”üŽqEì›¸áÁl‹¤•Òw‹ãB‚Ì—–Šw [‰z‹«‚ƌ𗬁xAˆêŽlZ•ÅB
[47]@@@ì›¸áÁlw—–Šw‚̐ò’†’ÂɗN‚­xAˆê‹ã“ñ•ÅB
[48]@@@’†’ÃŽs—ðŽj–¯‘­Ž‘—¿ŠÙ‘ i[…’ÊŽŠñ‘¡j
[49]@@@˜a‚Í‚â‚í‚ç‚°A‚‚܂è˜a–ó‚̈ӁBŒû˜ai‚­‚¿‚â‚í‚ç‚°j‚à‚ ‚éB
[50]@@@w’ʍqˆê——xiŠª“ñŒÜZAŽO“ñˆê•Åj‚ł́Au£”ö¹‘ôv‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚éB
[51]@@@£”ö¹‘î‚Ì—–ˆã–ƏóA‹ž“s‘åŠw•‘®}‘ŠÙŠ‘ 
[52]@@@£”ö¹‘ôwŠO‰ÈS‹¾Wx˜•¶Ai—Ñ“¹‰hŽ©•MAŠ°•¶Žµ”NjA‹ž“s‘åŠw•‘®}‘ŠÙŠ‘ B‹»–¡[‚¢Ž–‚ɁA—Ñ“¹‰h‚Ì–º‚́A¤ŠÙˆã‚ÌŽ‘—¿‚ðŽûW‚µg–Ñ—¬ŠO‰È‚Ì•‹y‚É“w‚ß‚½‰ÍŒû—LjÁ‚̍Ȃł ‚Á‚½B
[53]@@@ŒÃ‰ê\“ñ˜Yw¼—mˆãp“`—ˆŽjxA‹ãŽl•ÅBÚ×‚ɂ‚¢‚ẮwŠ°­dC”‰Æ•ˆx‚àŽQÆB
[54]@@@‘¾“cŸ–ç•Òw‹ß¢’·èE‘ΊOŠÖŒWŽj—¿xAŽO‹ã“ñ`ŽO‹ãŽO•ÅB
[55]@@@ˆóÍ‚̈Ӂiƒ}ƒŒ[Œêtjap‚æ‚èjB
[56]@@@>ŒÃ‰ê\“ñ˜Yw¼—mˆãp“`—ˆŽjxŒ`¬ŽÐAº˜aŽlŽµiˆê‹ãŽµ“ñj”NA˜Z‹ã•ÅB
[57]@@@Kleiweg de Zwaan: Völkerkundliches und Geschichtliches über die Heilkunde der Chinesen und Japaner, p. 458‚æ‚è
[58]@@@¼Œº•á‚ª‘ò–ì’‰ˆÁ‚É“ì”Ø—¬ŠO‰È‚ðŠw‚ñ‚¾‚Æ‚·‚錤‹†ŽÒ‚͏­‚È‚­‚È‚¢‚ªAŠmØ‚Í“¾‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢B
[59]@@@ˆê˜Z”ªŽO”NA]ŒË‚Ö•‹‚¢‚½¤ŠÙ’·ƒNƒ‰ƒCƒ„[‚́A¼Œº•á‚ÌŒêŠw—Í‚ð‚‚­•]‰¿‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚éB
[60]@@@ŽðˆäƒVƒdA¬ì“CŽOuw‰ð‘̐V‘xo”ňȑO‚̐¼—mˆãŠw‚ÌŽó—evw“ú–{ŠwŽm‰@‹I—vx‘æŽOŒÜŠªŽO†Aˆê‹ãŽµ”ª”NAˆêŽOŒÜ`ˆêŽO˜Z•ÅB”ђˏCŽOu¼Œº•á‚æ‚è‹vŒ´•á‰_‚ÉŽö—^‚³‚ꂽˆ¢—–‘É—¬–Æ‹–óvB
‚±‚̖Əó‚ð“ú–{l‚É‚æ‚éŽjã‰‚̈¢—–‘É—¬–Əó‚Æ‚·‚é’˜ŽÒ‚ª‘½‚ªA‰ÍŒû—LjÁt‰viˆê˜Z“ñ‹ã`ˆê˜Z”ªŽµj‚Í‚·‚Å‚ÉŠ°•¶˜Z”N‚à—{Žq‚Ì—¹ŠÕ‚ɁuƒJƒXƒpƒ‹—¬–Æ‹–óv‚ð—^‚¦‚½Bì“‡œ–“ñiˆê‹ã”ª‹ãjA”ªZ•ÅŽQÆBˆóÍ‚̈Ӂiƒ}ƒŒ[Œêtjap‚æ‚èjB
[61]@@@uˆ¢—–‘É—¬ŠO‰È–Æ‹–óvB’ÃŽR—mŠwŽ‘—¿ŠÙ‘ B
[62]@@@‚vEƒ~ƒqƒFƒ‹A™—§‹`ˆêu‘¾“c•Œº’W‚̈¢—–‘ÉŠO‰È–Æ‹–ó‚Æ‚»‚Ì”wŒi‚ɂ‚¢‚āvŽQÆB
[63] @@@ŒÃ‰êK—Y•Òw‹v—¯•Ä”Ë‹Œ‰Æ—R‘xŒÜˆê•ÅB
[64] @@@‹v—¯•Ä”Ë‘æŽO‘ã”ËŽåA—L”nŒº”דª—Š—˜B³‰žŽl`Š°•¶”ªiˆê˜ZŒÜŒÜ`ˆê˜Z˜Z”ªj”N‚܂ō݈ʁB
[65] @@@‰º‘‘ŠÖhéŽåA‹v¢‘å˜aŽçL”VBŠ°•¶“ñ`Š°•¶ŽOiˆê˜Z˜Z“ñ`ˆê˜Z˜ZŽOj”N‚Ü‚ÅŽá”NŠñAŠ°•¶ŽO`‰„•óŽµiˆê˜Z˜ZŽO`ˆê˜ZŽµ‹ãj”N‚܂ŘV’†‚𖱂߂éB‚±‚ÌŽž‚Í‹°‚ç‚­˜V’†‚Å‚ ‚낤B
[66] @@@“¿“‡”ˌܑã”ËŽåA–I{‰êˆ¢”gŽçj’ʁBŠ°•¶˜Z`‰„•ó˜Ziˆê˜Z˜Z˜Z`ˆê˜ZŽµ”ªj”N‚܂ō݈ʁB“¯”NŽµŒŽŠA“ú–vB
[67] @@@•}Ž•Ä‚Ì‚±‚ƁBˆêl•}Ž‚́AŒº•Äˆê“úŒÜ‡‚ÌŠ„‡‚ŁAŒŽ‚ňê“lŒÜ¡A”N‚ňêÎ”ª“lB
[68] @@@‹âˆê–‡‚ÍŽlŽO–æB‹âŒÜZ–æ‚Å‹àˆê—¼‚Æ‚È‚éBˆê–æ‚ÍŽO.ŽµŒÜƒOƒ‰ƒ€B‹àˆê—¼‚́AŒ»Ý‚ÌŽµ–œ‰~‚­‚ç‚¢B
[69] @@@‚·‚΂炵‚¢‚±‚ƁA‚ß‚Å‚½‚¢‚±‚ƁA‹C‚¾‚Ä‚Ì—Ç‚¢‚±‚ƁB
[70] @@@Œ³˜\Žµiˆê˜Z‹ãŽlj”N‚Ì’·è•òs‚́AŽR‰ªŒi•A‹{é˜aŸA‹ß“¡—p‚‚ÌŽO–¼B’·è‘㊯‚́A‰„—ïŽliˆê˜ZŽµ˜Zj”N‚É––ŽŸ•½‘ –Î’©‚ª—¬ß‚ɏˆ‚¹‚ç‚êAˆÈŒãŽá”NŠñ‚ª‘㊯Ž––±‚ð‘ãsˆ—‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚Á‚½B
[71] @@@“¿“‡”ËŽl‘ã‰Æ˜VB’·’JìŽåŒv’å’·BŠ°•¶Œ³iˆê˜Z˜Zˆêj”N‚ɉƓ‚ðŒp‚®B•ó‰iŒÜiˆêŽµZ”ªj”N–vB
[72] @@@“Verschijnt neffens de Tolken, een Japanse Doctoor van den Rijcxraet Koesenojamattosa omme door onse Chirurgien in de heelconst onderwesen te werden, daer toe w’gaerne ten respecte van genoemde Rijcxraet voorn:e Chirurgien toe recommandeerden sijn vleijt en vermogen te doen.” [NA, NFJ 81(Dagregister Dejima 1667-1668): 17., 18., 19., 20., 21.12.1667]
[73]@@@aã‰Æ‘ iŒÌ™—§‹Œ‘ j
[74]@@@ÎˆäŒ’ŽŸuˆî—t‰Æ‚ÌŒä“Tˆã]“¡KˆÁ‚ƍK×v
[75]@@@ÎˆäŒ’ŽŸuˆî—t‰Æ‚ÌŒä“Tˆã]“¡KˆÁ‚ƍK×vA“ñ“ñ•ÅB
[76]@@@NA, NFJ 81(Dagregister Dejima 1667-1668): 17.- 21.12.1667.
[77]@@@NA, NFJ 87 (Dagregister Dejima 1673-1674): 27.4.1674.
[78]@@@ö—­Ší‚Ȃǂɂ‚¢‚āAMichel / Werger-Klein (2004) ŽQÆB
[79]@@@ÎˆäŒ’ŽŸuˆî—t‰Æ‚ÌŒä“Tˆã]“¡KˆÁ‚ƍK×vA“ñ“ñ`“ñŽO•ÅB
[80]@@@ÎˆäŒ’ŽŸuˆî—t‰Æ‚ÌŒä“Tˆã]“¡KˆÁ‚ƍK×vA“ñ˜Z•ÅB
[81]@@@ˆÏ‚µ‚­
[82]@@@ÎˆäŒ’ŽŸuˆî—t‰Æ‚ÌŒä“Tˆã]“¡KˆÁ‚ƍK×vA“ñŽO•ÅB
[83]@@@u—–•û»–ò–@viŠO‘èjA•MŽÒ‘ B
[84]@@@ŽðˆäƒVƒdu“ú–{Å‰‚̐¼—m‰ð–U‘‚Ì–|–ó@[@ƒŒƒƒŠƒ“‰ð–U‘‚Ì–ó–{‚ƈꎵ¢‹I‚Ì—–•ûŠO‰Èv
[85]@@@Mr = MeesterAe•ûAŠO‰Èˆã
[86]@@@“Verschynen 2 ‘’’s gouverneurs bongioisen met een dienaer vande heer van't lantschap bongo om door onsen arts inde chirurgie onderwesen, en gepromoveert te werden.” [NA, NFJ 97 (Dagregister Dejima 1683-1684): 12.7.1684]
[87]@@@“van den morgen komen hier op myn kamer 2. bongioisen van den Gouv: uyt order van syn E: met een Japansen doctor die soo de loecken seyden in Jedo by meest al de grooten in aansien en een seer goet vrundt van beyder Gouverneurs was, om door onsen oppermeester inde chirurgie onderwesen en gepromoveert 't werden, den oppertolck Brasman en Sinnemon verhaalde met eenen dat den tolck der Commissarissen Gimpo, in Jedo, was overleden en dat syn soon die mede de portugeese taal verstont in syn plaats soude succedeeren.” [NA, NFJ 98 (Dagregister Dejima 1684-1685): 22.11.1684]
[88]@@@ŒÌ˜a“c˜a‘ã‘ AŒ»Ý‚͍‘—§‰ÈŠw”Ž•¨ŠÙ‚̘a“cƒRƒŒƒNƒVƒ‡ƒ“Žû‘ ‚ÆŽv‚í‚ê‚éB
[89]@@@NA, VOC No. 700, 5.10.1685.
[90]@@@ŽðˆäƒVƒdu“ú–{Å‰‚̐¼—m‰ð–U‘‚Ì–|–ó [ƒŒƒƒŠƒ“‰ð–U‘‚Ì–ó–{‚ƈꎵ¢‹I‚Ì—–•ûŠO‰ÈvA‹ãŒÜ•ÅB
[91]@@@NA, NFJ 99 (Dagregister Dejima 1685-1686): 30.7.1686; 5.8.1686; 30.9.1686; 3.11.1686‚ȂǁBX‰iŽí•v•Òw”ƉȒ @’·è•òsŠ”»Œˆ‹L˜^xA‘æˆêŠªAˆê˜ZŒÜ•ÅB

 

 

 

 Abstract: On the Dutch-style Medical License of Hirata Chôdayû and its Background


After the birth of the so-called eredhead-style of external medicinef (kômôryû geka) during the 1650s, a growing interest among Japanese physicians and feudal lords in Western drugs, herbs, instruments and treatment methods can be observed. As Western texts and terminology had not yet become accessible even to Japanese interpreters, the instructions and demonstrations given in the Dutch trading post at Dejima played a key role in conveying European knowledge to Japan. For about three decades, certificates issued by the surgeons of the Dutch East India Company turned out to be useful when pursuing a career as a eredhead-style physicianf. This social breakthrough goes back to 1657, when Hatano Gentô, who was leaving for Edo, asked for a certificate to prove that he had been educated by a Dutch surgeon. Especially during the latter half of the 1660s, several such certificates were issued, but only a few have survived. Based on extensive investigations of Dutch and Japanese source materials, twelve licenses have been identified.

Year Physician Source
1658 Hatano Gentô diary of the Dejima trading post
1665 Handa (Arashiyama) Hoan preserved original license
1665 Asaeda Kibyôe description of the license in Japanese primary sources
1666 Hirata Chôdayû Japanese manuscript copy (1717)
1667 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post

1668

Seo Shôtaku preserved original license
1668 Nishi Kichibyôe (Genpo) photograph of the original license from 1914
1668 Ôtaguro Gentan preserved original license
1673 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post
1674 “physician of the lord of Chikugo” diary of the Dejima trading post
1675 Etô Kôan Japanese manuscript copy (Edo period, in part only)
1685 Hara Sanshin preserved original license

 

These licenses, as well as newly found additional materials, provide valuable information about the circumstances under which medical instructions were imparted, as well as their contents.

The most prominent among a number of new discoveries is a complete, handwritten copy of a license granted to Hirata Chôdayû in 1666 by the surgeons Arnold Dirckz. and Cornelis de Laver and confirmed by the vice-chief of the trading post on Dejima, Nicolaes de Roij, and his assistant Louis Rondel. The copy was made in 1717 by Chôdayûfs son Hirata Dôba, a physician of Lord Ogasawara in Nakatsu, and handed over to his former disciple, Karashima Shôan. During that same year, the domain was handed over to Lord Okudaira.

Formal pledges to the Nagasaki Commissioner (Nagasaki bugyô), genealogies and entries in diaries show a close interaction between feudal lords and physicians in order to absorb and spread Western external medicine during these early decades. Obviously, Western medicine entered Japan from the top of the social pyramid.

In 1673, the central government appointed Nishi Genpo, a veteran interpreter who had received an extraordinarily detailed and euphemistic surgical certificate in 1668, as Portuguese interpreter and Western-style surgeon at the court in Edo. This was the most high-ranking acknowledgement of the new “Dutch-style” medicine. Gradually, the interest in licenses from Dutch trading post surgeons faded away while physicians in all regions of the archipelago started to grant certificates to qualified pupils in their own right.

 

TOPTOP
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