Claudius Ptolemaeus (ca. 87 -150)
This is the first map of China and Japan printed in an European atlas. It was published in the 1522 Strassburg edition of Ptolemy's Geography with subsequent editions in 1525, 1535 and 1541. The map uses information from Marco Polo like "Mangi" (Manchu) or "Cathai" (Cathay). The conical-shaped Japan was taken from the earlier works of Matteo Contarini and Martin Waldseemüller.