nonverbal communication



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  14. Bond, M. H. (1993). Emotions and their expression in Chinese culture. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 17, 245 - 262.
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  22. Condon, J . C ., and Yousef, F (1983). An Introduction to Intercultural Communication. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
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  25. Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
  26. Gudykunst, W. B., and Kim, Y. Y. (1984). Communicating with Strangers: An Approach to Intercultural Communication. New York: Random House.
  27. Hall, E. T. (1959). The Silent Language. New York: Doubleday.
  28. Hall, E. T. (1966). A system of the notation of proxemic behavior. American Anthropologist, 65, 1003- 1026.
  29. Hall, E. T. (1976). Beyond Culture. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor.
  30. Hall, E. T. (1984). The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of Time. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor.
  31. Hecht, M. L., Andersen, P A., and Ribeau, S. A (1989). "The Cultural Dimensions of Nonverbal Communication." In M. K. Asante and W B. Gudykunst (Eds.), Handbook of International and Intercultural Communication, 163- 185. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
  32. Heslin, R., and Alper, T. (1983). "Touch: A Bonding Gesture." In J. M. Wiemann and R. Harrison (Eds.), Nonverbal Interaction, 47 - 75. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.
  33. Hofstede, G. (1982). Culture's Consequences, abridged ed. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.
  34. Jensen, J. V. (1985). "Perspectives on Nonverbal Intercultural Communication." In L. A. Samovar and R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural Communication: A Reader, 4th ed. 256-272. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
  35. Jones, S. E. (1994). The Right Touch: Understanding and Using the Language of Physical Contact. Cresshill, N J.: Hampton Press.
  36. Jones, T. S., and Remland, M. S. (1982). Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Reported Touch Avoidance. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Eastern Communication Association, Hartford, Conn., May
  37. Knapp, M. L., and Hall, J. A. (1992). Nonverbal Communication in Human Interaction, 3d ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.
  38. LaBarre, W (1985). "Paralinguistics, Kinesics, and Cultural Anthropology." In L. A Samovar and R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural Communication: A Reader, 272 - 279. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
  39. Lomax, A. (1968). Folk Song Style and Culture. New Brunswick, N J.: Transaction Books.
  40. Lustig, M. L., and Koester, J. (1993). Intercultural Competence: Interpersonal Communication Across Culture. New York: HarperCollins.
  41. Malandro, L. A., and Barker, L. (1983). Nonverbal Communication. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley
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  44. McDaniel, E. R., and Andersen, P. A. (1995). Intercultural Variations in Tactic Communication: An Empirical Field Study Paper presented at the International Communication Association Convention, Albuquerque, N.M., May.
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  46. Patterson, M. L. (1983). Nonverbal Behavior: A Functional Perspective. New York: SpringerVerlag.
  47. Pennebaken, J . W., Rime, B., and Sproul, G. (1994). Stereotype of Emotional Expressiveness of Northerners and Southerners: A Cross-Cultural Test of Montesquieu's Hypotheses. Unpublished paper, Southern Methodist University
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  52. Samovar, P. A., Porter, R. E., and Jain, N. C. (1981). Understanding Intercultural Communication. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
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  55. Scheflen, A. E. (1972). Body Language and the Social Order. Englewood Cliffs, N J.: PrenticeHall.
  56. Schetlen, A. E. (1974). How Behavior Means. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor.
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  58. Sitaram, K. S., and Codgell, R. T. (1976). Foundations of Intercultural Communication. Columbus: Charles E. Merrill.
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Japan

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  2. Barnlund, D. (1989). Communicative Styles of Japanese and Americans. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
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  4. Bond, M. H., and Shiraishi, D. (1974). The effect of body lean and status of an interviewer on the nonverbal behavior of Japanese interviewees. International Journal of Pszchology 34(6), 1276-1284.
  5. Buller, D. B., and Burgoon, J. K. (1986). The effects of vocalics and nonverbal sensitivity on compliance. Human Communication Research, 13(1), 126- 144.
  6. Burgoon, J . K., and Hale, J . L. (1984). The fundamental topic of relational communication. Communication Monographs, 51, 193 - 214.
  7. Burgoon, J. K., and Hale, J. L. (1987). Validation and measurement of the fundamental themes of relational communication. Communication Monographs, 54, 19-62.
  8. Buruma, 1. (1985). A Japanese Mirror. New York: Penguin.
  9. Caudill, W. (1973). General culture: The influence of social structure and culture on human behavior in modern Japan. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 157, 240-257.
  10. Caudill, W., and Plath, D. (1966). Who sleeps with whom? Parent-child involvement in urban Japanese families. Psychiatry, 29, 344-366.
  11. Caudill, W., and Weinstein, H. (1969). Maternal care and infant behavior in Japan and America. Psychiatry, 32, 12-43.
  12. Cohen, R. (1991). NegotiatingAcross Cultures. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace.
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  14. Condon, J. C., and Yousef, F. (1983). An Introduction to Intercultural Communication. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
  15. Craft, L. (1986). All in the cards: The mighty meishi. Tokyo Business Today, May, 61-64.
  16. Di Mare, L. (1990). Ma and Japan. Southern Communication Journal, 55(3), 319-328.
  17. Doi, T. (1973). The Japanese patterns of communication and the concept of amae. The SQuarterly Journal of Speech, 59, 180-185.
  18. Doi, T. (1988). "Dependency in Human Relationships." In D. 1. Okimoto and T. P. Rohlen (Eds.), Inside the Japanese System: Readings on Contemporary Society and Political Economy, 20 25. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
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  20. Gudykunst, W. B., and Nishida, T. (1984). Individual and cultural influences on uncertainty reduction. Communication Monographs, 51, 23-36.
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  22. Gudykunst, W. B., Nishida, T., and Schmidt, K. (1989). The influence of culture, relational, and personality factors on uncertainty reduction processes. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 53, 13-29.
  23. Gudykunst, W. B., Yoon, Y. C. and Nishida, T (1987). The influence of individualism andcollectivism on perceptions of communication in ingroup and outgroup relationships. Communication Monographs, 54, 295-306.
  24. Hall, E. T. (1981). Beyond Culture. New York: Anchor. (Original work published 1976)
  25. Hall, E. T. (1988). "The Hidden Dimensions of Time and Space in Today's World." In F. Poyatos (Ed.), Cross-cultural Perspectives in Nonverbal Communication, 145 -152. Lewiston, N .Y.: C. J . Hogrefe.
  26. Hall, E T. (1990). The Hidden Dimension. New York: Anchor. (Original work published 1966)
  27. Hall E. T., and Hall, M. R. (1990). Hidden Differences: Doing Business with the Japanese. New York: Anchor. (Original work published 1987)
  28. Hamabata, M. M. (1990). Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Business Family. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
  29. Harris, P. R., and Moran, R. T. (1979). Managing Cultural Differences. Houston: Gulf.
  30. Hendry, J . (1989). Becoming Japanese: The World of the Pre-school Child. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii. (Originally published in 1986)
  31. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture's Consequence: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
  32. Ishii, S. (1975). Characteristics of Japanese nonverbal communicative behavior. Occasional Papers in Speech. Honolulu: Department of Speech, University of Hawaii.
  33. Ishii, S. (1984). Enyro-Sasshi communication: A key to understanding Japanese interpersonal relations. Cross Currents, 11, 49-58.
  34. Ishii, S., and Bruneau, T. (1991). "Silence and Silences in Cross-cultural Perspective: Japan and the United States." In L. A. Samovar and R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural Communication: A Reader, 6th ed., 314 - 319. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
  35. Iwata, O. (1979). Selected personality traits as determinants of the perception of crowding. Japanese Psychological Research, 21, 1-9.
  36. Kasahara, Y. (1986). "Fear of Eye-to-Eye Confrontation Among Neurotic Patients in Japan." In T. S. Lebra and W. P Lebra (Eds.) Japanese Culture and Behavior: Selected Readings, Rev. ed., 379 - 387. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  37. Kinosita, K. (1988). Language habits of the Japanese. Bulletin of the Association for Business Communication, 51(3), 35-40.
  38. Kitao, K., and Kitao, S. K. (1985). Effects of Social Environment on Japanese and American Communication. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 260 579)
  39. Kitao, K., and Kitao, S. K. (1987). Differences in the Kinesic Codes of Americans and Japanese. Department of Communication, Michigan State University. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 282 400)
  40. Kitao, K., and Kitao, S. K. (1989). lntercultural Communication Between Japan and the United States. Tokyo: Eichosha Shinsha Co. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 321 303)
  41. Lebra, T. S. (1976). Japanese Patterns of Behavior. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii.
  42. Lebra, T. S. (1993). "Culture Self, and Communication in Japan and the United States." In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Communication in Japan and the United States, 51-87. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  43. Malandro, L. A. and Barker L. L. (1983). Nonverbal Communication. Menlo Park, Calif.: AddisonWesley
  44. March, R. M. (1990). The Japanese Negotiator: Subtlety and Strategy Beyond Western Logic. New York: Kondansha. (Original work published 1989)
  45. Matsumoto, M. (1988). The Unspoken Way: "Haragei": Silence in Japanese Business and Society. New York: Kondansha. (Original work published 1984 in Japanese under the title Haragei)
  46. Miyamoto, M. (1994). Straitjacket Society: An Insider's Irreverent View of Bureaucratic Japan. New York: Kodansha.
  47. Montagu, A. (1978). Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, 2nd ed. New York: Harper a Row.
  48. Morsbach, H. (1973). Aspects of nonverbal communication in Japan. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 157, 262-277.
  49. Morsbach, H. (1988a). "The Importance of Silence and Stillness in Japanese Nonverbal Communication: A Cross-cultural Approach." In: F. Poyatos (Ed.), Cross-cultural Perspectives in Nonverbal Communication, 201-215. Lewiston, N.Y.: C. J. Hogrefe.
  50. Morsbach, H. (1988b). "Nonverbal Communication and Hierarchical Relationships: The Case of Bowing in Japan." In: F. Poyatos (Ed.), Cross-cultural Perspectives in Nonverbal Communication, 189-199. Lewiston, N .Y.: C. J . Hogrefe.
  51. Munakata, T. (1986). " Japanese Attitudes Toward Mental Illness and Mental Health Care." In T. S. Lebra and W. P Lebra (Eds.), Japanese Culture and Behavior: Selected Readings, Rev. ed., 369-378. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii.
  52. Nakane, C. (1970). Japanese Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  53. Opler, M. E. (1945). Themes as dynamic forces in culture. American Journal of Sociology, 51, 198 206.
  54. Opler, M. E. (1946). An application of the theory of themes in culture. Joural of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 36(5), 137 -166.
  55. Osgood, C. E., May, W. H., and Miron, M. S. (1975). Cross-cultural Universals of Affective Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
  56. Ramsey, S. (1979). "Nonverbal Behavior: An Intercultural Perspective." In M. K. Asante, E. Newmark and C. A Blake (Eds.), Handbook of Intercultural Communication, 105-143. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  57. Ramsey, S. (1981). The kinesics of femininity in Japanese women. Language Sciences, 3 (1 ), 104 123.
  58. Ramsey, S. (1985). "To Hear One and Understand Ten: Nonverbal Behavior in Japan." In L. A. Samovar and R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural Communication: A Reader (4th ed.), 307-321. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.
  59. Ramsey, S. J., and Birk, J. (1983). "Training North Americans for Interaction with Japanese: Considerations of Language and Communication Style." In D. Landis and R. W. Brislin (Eds.), The Handbook of Intercultural Training: Vol. 111. Area Studies in Intercultural Training, 227259. New York: Pergamon Press.
  60. Reischauer, E. O. (1988). The Japanese Today: Change and Continuity. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press.
  61. Richie, D. (1987). A Lateral View: Essays on Contemporary Japan. Tokyo: The Japan Times.
  62. Ruch, W. (1984). Corporate Communication: A Comparison of Japanese and American practices. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books.
  63. Sethi, S. P. (1974). Japanese management practices: Part 1. Columbia Journal of World Business, 9(4), 94- 104.
  64. Seward, J . (1972). The Japanese. New York: William Morrow.
  65. Seward, J. (1983). Japanese in Action (rev. ed.). New York: Weatherhill.
  66. Sherman, J . (1989). Japan: Body Language and Etiquette as a Means of Intercultural Communication. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Eastern Michigan University Conference on Languages and Communications for World Business and the Professions, Ann Arbor, Michigan. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 324 837)
  67. Spitzberg, B. H. (1989). Issues in the development of a theory of interpersonal competence in the intercultural context. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13, 241- 268.
  68. Stewart, L. P. (1993). "Organizational Communication in Japan and the United States." In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Communication in Japan and the United States, 215 - 248. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  69. Sussman, N., and Rosenfeld, H. (1982). Influences of culture, language and sex on conversational distance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 67 - 74.
  70. Takamizawa, H. (1988). Business Japanese: A Guide to Improved Communication. New York: Kondansha.
  71. Ueda, T. (1974). "Sixteen Ways to Avoid Saying "No" in Japan." In: J. C. Condon and M. Saito (Eds.), Intercultural Encounters with Japan, 185192. Tokyo: Simul.
  72. Watson, M. O. (1970). Proxemic Behavior: A Crosscultural Study. The Hague: Mouton.
  73. Westwood, M. J ., and Vargo, J . W (1985. "Counselling Double-Minority Status Clients." In R. J. Samuda (Ed.), Intercultural Counselling and Assessment: Global Perspectives, 303-313. Lewiston, NY: C. J. Hogrefe.
  74. White, S. (1989). Backchannels across cultures: A study of Americans and Japanese. Language in Society, 18(1), 59 - 76.
  75. Yum, Y. (1988). The impact of Confucianism on interpersonal relationship and communication patterns in East Asia. Communication Monographs, 55, 374 - 388.

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